Endoscopic treatment of atrial fibrillation is done through minimally invasive procedures in cardiac surgery centers. In the first step of the procedure, a mapping of the points of generation of regular and irregular electrical impulses is carried out. This mapping is also called an Electrophysiological Study.
After identifying the points, a catheter with a small chamber at its end is introduced into the femoral artery and guided to the left atrium. Another catheter with radiofrequency, laser or intense cold generating devices will be introduced through small incisions made between the patient’s ribs.
The surgeon will create small scars that will serve as barriers or detours that will block the path of random electrical impulses. The surgeon will create small scars that will serve as barriers or detours that will block the path of random electrical impulses. In these cases, electrical isolation of the pair or just one of the veins is performed.
The length of stay in the hospital will be two to three days. The doctor will prescribe a series of instructions that the patient must follow after hospital discharge.
Recent medical studies, published in the United States and Europe, based on the collection of data obtained during the follow-up of patients undergoing Endoscopic Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation for more than three years, confirm the success of this procedure. Patients are free from the use of medication and clinical hospitalizations to control the episodes, being able to return to physical activities and enjoy life to the fullest.
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